To the Editor:
I read with interest the recently published discussion on the etiology and prevention of OHSS (1). While the review comprehensively covered its aims, there are some issues that should be highlighted.
OHSS, being a major complication of controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH), is characterized by marked ovarian enlargement and acute third space fluid sequestration that almost always develops after hCG administration or in early pregnancy. OHSS is similar to vascular leak syndrome (VLS), which may be attributable to the massive increase in systemic inflammatory cytokines, including vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), observed also during the course of severe OHSS (2).
As was already mentioned (1), many factors and mediators have been proposed as the intermediate, released by gonadotropin-hyperstimulated ovaries at ovulation, which causes the increase in capillary permeability. However, no significant evidence exists to prove any absolute or ultimate role of these ovarian regulators in the pathophysiology of OHSS (2). Read the rest of this entry »